There are 16 career clusters leading to various career pathways. Instructors can incorporate these clusters into curriculum design and instruction. Adult education services will include workforce preparation activities and training for specific occupations; this will allow students to achieve their educational and career goals. For a listing and description of these career clusters, please click on the link below.

## Add and Subtract Fractions

By adding and subtracting fractions using real scenarios and measuring tools, students can see and understand how relevant and applicable these skills are in a healthcare setting.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Add and Subtract Integers

This lesson introduces students to the concepts of negative numbers and how to add and subtract with integers. This will help students understand situations in which negative numbers apply as well as get students started with reasoning using abstract concepts.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Combining Operations

The purpose of this lesson will give students an idea of how important it is to follow procedures and directions for any given task. When combining operations, if you do not follow the correct order, you may get an incorrect answer. It is also important for everyone on your team to be on the same page in regards to procedural understanding in order to communicate effectively, relating directly to the workplace. Students will have to know how to follow procedures when given tasks in the healthcare field, such as operating special equipment or how to administer an IV. This also builds a foundation for later work in algebraic expressions and equations.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Decimals

The purpose of this lesson is to give students fluency and confidence when computing with decimals, as it would be an everyday task for any healthcare worker.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Equivalent Fractions

The purpose of this lesson is to show students how relevant and necessary fractions are in everyday life, as well as in the field of health care work. We use fractions in ways we do not even realize, especially when it comes to estimating using commonly known fractions. By using these common fractions as a base of reference, understanding the conversion of fractions becomes much easier to understand.

#### GED Content Areas

- Number and Ratios
Number and Ratios

## Exponents, Roots, and Scientific Notation

This lesson will introduce exponents and roots to the students and give them practice in using scientific notation as a real application of exponents.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

Algebra and Functions

## Hospital Beds, Nurse’s Aides, and the Future

The purpose of this lesson is for the student to research and present to others the long-term health care options in their locale from the perspective of a potential patient, healthcare worker, and employer. The lesson will require locating information from various sources, interpreting charts and graphs, improving communication skills, and making cross-curricular connections into math, social studies and science. Furthermore, this lesson could be used to demonstrate research and presentation skills (either in written editorial or orally in a civic group meeting) necessary to lobby for improved work conditions and improved health care in their community.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

Algebra and Functions

## Measures of Central Tendency

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce students to central measures of central tendency, which will help them understand the different ways we can analyze a data set. This will prepare them for deeper statistical analysis that may come in other healthcare classes or settings.

#### GED Content Areas

Data, Probability, and Statistical Measurement

## Medical Math and Unit Conversions

This lesson is intended to better prepare students interested in the SRNA program. The purpose of this lesson is for students to be able to determine the appropriate unit of measure for an object and be able to convert the unit of measure when necessary. The student will also be comparing the metric measurements to the customary U.S. units of measure as it relates to the medical/nursing field and SRNA requirements.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Multiply and Divide Fractions

The purpose of this lesson is to expand students’ comfort and knowledge in using, computing, and relating with fractions. Students will gain a better understanding of the concepts behind the operations and algorithms we use to multiply and divide fractions.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Multiply and Divide Integers

This lesson introduces students to the concepts of negative numbers and how to multiply and divide with integers. This will help students understand situations in which negative numbers apply as well as get students started with reasoning using abstract concepts.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Oxygen Needs by the Numbers

The purpose of this lesson is to teach students to measure and interpret measurements relating to respiratory needs in order to choose an appropriate health care action.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Percent Applications

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce students to different ways they may work with percentages in the healthcare field and give them the opportunity to practice these applications.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Percent Basics

he purpose of this lesson is to introduce students to working with percentages. Gaining a conceptual understanding of percentages will help students to better analyze real life percent applications of within the workplace and as an everyday consumer.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Pre-Algebra Basics

These lessons will give students an overview of basic algebra skills that will be used as a foundation for specific operations in algebra.

#### GED Content Areas

Algebra and Functions

Algebra and Functions

## Ratio and Proportion

This lesson will deepen and make connections with students’ prior work with percent and fraction equivalencies. Students will see how the relationship between numbers applies to proportional relationships, and how these relationships are used in the healthcare field.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

Algebra and Functions

Number and Ratios

## Ratio and Proportion - Using a Double Number Line

This lesson is designed to enhance student numeracy by introducing students to ratio reasoning with and without pre-defined quantities. Students will use a double number line to make sense of and solve for equivalent ratios as they would occur in the health sciences field as well as real-life situations.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

Number and Ratios

## Three Views of a Ratio: Using Unit Rate

This lesson is the second part of Module 6 for the SRNA program. The purpose of this lesson is to have students comfortably reason, create, and perform calculations among ratios in three different ways:

• Simple written ratio/proportion

• Ratio data tables

• Graphs on a coordinate plane

This lesson will help students navigate between all three at ease and “bring it all together.” Most high-stakes exams, such as the GED® Test, KYOTE, and others will expect students to have skills in all three of these areas and be able to do calculations or produce meaningful statements about data. This lesson also calls on students to compare rates. This is significant because students will often be asked in exams, on the job, or in their everyday lives to make a judgment call on the “better” rate, given two ratios not in a unit rate. Higher-order reasoning skills are honed when students make qualitative inferences from mathematical data and relationships. To this end, SRNA and medical related/specific items are given as problem samples whenever possible.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Understanding Ratios: Using Ratio Tables

This lesson builds upon SRNA Module 5 and moves students further in their ratio numeracy, according to the lead standard, with the use of ratio tables, a tool that facilitates proportional reasoning. Students are often taught to calculate and solve for an unknown in a proportion (such as with the ‘butterfly method’) with very little emphasis placed on understanding the relationship between the numbers involved. Superimposing a rule, even a “good” rule, often forces students away from the meaning, and this lesson will provide an alternative method that strengthens student proportional reasoning skills and number sense. Additionally, reasoning with ratio tables provides students opportunities to use multiple pathways to achieve a solution to a problem, and students are able to see discrete ratios along the way toward the main goal.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

## Using Proportions to Solve Direct and Inverse Variation

The lesson will use proportions to help solve applications involving direct and inverse variation. Also, students will continue to build their knowledge of different measurement abbreviations. These skills can be very important in technology and health fields. The lesson will expose students to scenarios that can really be applied in these fields.

#### GED Content Areas

Number and Ratios

Algebra and Functions

## Whole Number Operations

This purpose of this lesson is for students to practice fluency in the four operations, as it is important to have accuracy, speed, and understanding of numbers when working in the health field. This will also be an opportunity for instructors to identify and address any misconceptions students may have in the foundational operations.

#### GED Content Areas

- Number and Ratios
Number and Ratios

## Word Problem Strategies

The purpose of this lesson is to show students that knowing how to think critically about a problem and planning a way to attack it translates directly to problems in everyday life. In the field of healthcare, students will come upon many problems that they may not have the answer to, but must be quick on their feet to think about the problem and how to come up with a solution. When students practice their problem solving skills on word problems, they are developing their reasoning skills for real life problems. Additionally, many of the situations in healthcare that students will be using math in will not be in a nice, neat algorithm, but will be in the form of language, per a doctor or nurse’s instructions, for example. Students will have to know how to identify the problem, and figure out a way to meet the need.

#### GED Content Areas

- Number and Ratios

## Communicating Across Cultures

SRNA Students will learn how culture and religion affect attitudes and practices towards health care in order to have appropriate interaction with residents.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading
- Speaking and Listening

## Complete and Partial Baths

The purpose of this lesson is for teach students how to properly bathe a long-term patient by means of a complete or partial bath. They will learn and practice the procedures of both types.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading
- Writing

## End of Life Care

SRNAs deal very closely with death as part of the job. This lesson helps students learn about bodily changes during the dying process through the article and to think about death in a different way through the poem.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading

## Health Science Careers in Diagnostic Services: Analyzing the Evidence and Writing an Extended Response

Employees in the health care pathways must demonstrate knowledge of health and wellness issues such as smoking and cancer screenings.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading

## Health Science Careers in Diagnostic Services: Differentiating Between Drug Use, Misuse, and Abuse

To become successful health care workers, students must develop their diagnostic skills and ability to analyze workplace documents such as prescription labels and pill charts.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading

## Health Science Careers in Diagnostic Services: What Are the Careers and What Do The Careers Involve?

Students will explore the types of jobs available in the diagnostic services pathway of a health science career cluster in order to encourage students to pursue one of these careers.

#### GED Content Areas

- Writing
- Speaking and Listening

## Health Science Careers in Therapeutic Services: The Ability to Work as a Team (Introduction to Teams Part 1)

Why is this topic important to the learner?

To become successful health care workers, students must understand the importance of working as a team in therapeutic healthcare services.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading
- Writing

## Health Science Careers in Therapeutic Services: The Ability to Work as a Team (Introduction to Teams Part 2)

Why is this topic important to the learner?

This topic is important in that effective communication, conflict resolution, and teamwork are necessary skills to succeed in therapeutic healthcare services.

#### GED Content Areas

- Writing
- Speaking and Listening

## Health Science Careers in Therapeutic Services: The Desire to Help Patients Heal

It is important for students to understand the importance of the therapeutic skill of developing the desire to help people heal as they consider careers in health care.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading

## Health Science Careers in Therapeutic Services: What Are The Careers and What Do They Involve?

Why is this topic important to the learner?

Since the health care sector is growing and jobs are becoming available, students should explore the types of jobs available in the therapeutic services pathway of health science careers.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading
- Writing

## Healthcare Worker Importance of Following Directions

The purpose of this lesson is to teach students how to analyze articles to understand the importance of hand washing and demonstrate the process.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading

## Importance of Sleep

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce students to the important role that rest and sleep play in the elderly population and some ways they can help residents who may be having problems sleeping.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading
- Writing

## Introduction to the Study Guide

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce students to the needed skills and procedures to become a SRNA.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading
- Writing

## My Bedside Manners: Putting Thoughts into Written Word

The purpose of this lesson is to teach students to share through a written, technology platform different approaches to health care situations to encourage professional growth while, at the same time, demonstrating evidential use of workplace text or other scientific, informational text and proper writing conventions.

#### GED Content Areas

- Writing

## Speaking and Listening

The purpose of this lesson is to teach students the importance of speaking to and listening to residents as a SRNA. They get the chance to practice their speaking/listening skills while enforcing their knowledge of mathematical measurements.

#### GED Content Areas

- Speaking and Listening
- Reading

## Survey of Support Services and Informatics

Why is this topic important to the learner?

Students should explore all health care pathways before determining a career path. This lesson exposes them to careers in support services and health informatics.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading

## Vaccinations

The purpose of this lesson is to demonstrate the importance of vaccinations by allowing students to read articles on the subject and summarize their findings.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading
- Writing

## What Did I Just Say?

The purpose of this lesson is to teach SRNA students how to communicate verbally and nonverbally with residents because in order for a SRNA to implement resident care they have to understand their wants, needs, and feelings.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading
- Speaking and Listening

## Your Employee Benefits

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce students to the importance of understanding their benefits as an employee.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading
- Writing

## Your Mission Statement

The purpose of this lesson is to teach students how to write/analyze a mission statement so that they have direction in goal-setting.

#### GED Content Areas

- Reading
- Writing